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Renal failure makes it impossible for kidneys to remove waste from the blood and clean it, leading to fatal consequences. Problems that result in kidney failure many times originate in other parts of the body. Heart failure, high blood pressure, high blood sugar can restrict the kidneys from filtering waste. Acute kidney failure occurs when kidneys suddenly stop filtering waste products from the blood. It comes with the symptoms of confusion, seizure, internal bleeding, and swelling of hands, to name a few. Chronic renal failure builds slowly with very few symptoms in its early stages. In Acute kidney failure, kidneys have chances of returning to their functioning ability, whereas chronic renal failure leads to permanent damage.

Experts make use of different blood and urine tests to diagnose the kidney problem. Many times they have deep insight into kidney problems through imaging tests and physical examination. In blood and urine tests, experts mainly measure the creatinine level. The presence of a high amount of creatinine in the blood means that kidneys are not removing a sufficient amount of waste from the blood. Healthy kidneys remove the extra amount of creatinine from the bloodstream and get rid of it in the urine.

Treatment of Acute kidney failure needs experts to treat the cause of it first. Controlling the blood pressure and sugar level will work in favour of retaining the health of the kidneys. There may arise the need for dialysis for a short time. Chronic renal function very often needs dialysis or a kidney transplant. Dialysis involves pumping blood through the machine, filtering out the waste from it, and then returning it to the body. A kidney transplant is replacing the damaged kidney with the healthier one after the donor donates it to the needy.