Kidney stone removal in Punjab is available at many medical centres offering urological services. Kidney stones vary in composition and size. Small tiny particles can easily pass through the urine or, in other words, do not need much of the medical procedures. Drinking an ample amount of water keeps urine dilute and prevents stones from forming. Sometimes it also allows tiny particles to pass through urine. Doctors may recommend pain-relieving drugs for a small stone. It causes some discomfort if it lodges anywhere in the urinary tract.
Large kidney stones become a cause of worry as they do not pass on their own and cause bleeding kidney damage or ongoing urinary tract infections. These problems require more extensive treatment. Depending on the size, location, and considering other factors, experts recommend different treatments. Lithotripsy involves using sound waves to break the stones into tiny pieces that can pass through the urine. The Procedure is less time-consuming and does not cause much pain. Experts may put a person under sedation or light anaesthesia.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a surgical procedure for removing kidney stones. Experts insert telescope and surgical instruments through the small incision. Many times surgeons pass a ureteroscope through the urethra and bladder for removing a smaller kidney stone in the ureter or kidney. Doctors place a stent in the ureter to relieve swelling and promote healing. Overactive parathyroid glands produce a parathyroid hormone that increases calcium levels and causes kidney stones. Surgical removal of the gland stops the formation of kidney stones.
Medications that experts prescribe also help control the number of minerals and salts in the urine and thus restrict some kidney stones from forming. Preventive measures like a diet low in salt and animal protein, having fewer oxalate-rich foods, and drinking water throughout the day at regular intervals work in favour of restricting the occurrence of kidney stones.