Kidney Stone disease in Punjab will make you look for urologists who can help you to do away with them and the pain and discomfort they cause.
Anyone at any age can develop these mineral deposits in the kidney or anywhere in the urinary tract. However, studies show that it is more common among people with low fluid consumption, faulty dietary habits, and genetic history. Sometimes kidney stones are so small in size that they unnoticed pass through urine. Other times they grow large enough to block the urinary tract and cause problems like urine infection and kidney damage.
Kidney stones cause symptoms like pain in the groin, blood in urine, vomiting and nausea, fever, and chills, to name a few. Medically unattended Kidney stones increase the risk of chronic kidney disease.
Four types of kidney stones owe their occurrence to different factors. Calcium stones form when excess calcium that muscles and bones do not use instead of flushing out through urine combines with other substances and form crystals that crump together to form stones. The deficiency of water in the body restricts the body from diluting uric acid. It results in urine becoming more acidic and, thus forms uric acid stones. Struvite consists of magnesium and ammonia and results from urinary tract infection. Cystine stones result from the building of cysteine, a substance in muscles in the urine.
Diagnosing kidney stones needs a person to undergo a physical examination and blood and urine tests. Imaging tests allow the experts to get a better insight into the size, location of kidney stones. It briefs the expert about the urinary tract and whether complications have affected other organs.
Kidney stone Treatment focuses on removing the stone and relieving the pain. Doctors prescribe medicines that aim at speeding up the passage of stones and relieving pain. They recommend a high intake of fluids by mouth or intravenously.